The Europeans first settled in South Africa in the city of Cape Town and slowly moved to the north. The British landed there first, but decided not to settle there. The Dutch then arrived and realized that starting a settlement in South Africa and particularly Cape Town would provide them with an important strategic advantage to doing trade globally.
However, there was a long period of conflict due to the large number of diverse tribes that were already settled in that part of the world. Many of these tribes had their own rich cultures and traditions that did not sit well with the European way of life.
Many tribes such as the Trek Boers resented the fact that the Dutch had tried to take control of South Africa. many other nations such as Great Britain also started to realize that the nation was full of rich resources and started their own settlements.
in 1795 a British Colony was established in South Africa, which helped to unify the nation, at least from a Western perspective. However, the nation still experienced problems in the form of apartheid where the native black people were made to feel inferior to the white people and were often used as servants and even slaves.
With the rising equality between black and white people in other parts of the world, people started to turn their attention to the issues in South Africa. Nelson Mandela worked hard to try and unite the nation and reclaim South Africa and was finally elected president in 1994.
Today, South Africa is an incredibly popular holiday destination, with focus being shifted away from conflict and racism towards the natural beauty of the surrounding landscape. The country still has problems – both racial and political, but this is no longer what is at the forefront of people’s minds.